Upanishads contain the essence of all Vedic literature and is called, Vedantham. The same knowledge was also revealed by prime (or chosen) devotees called alwars who did not study Upanishads, but were fortunate to have experienced that rich source of wisdom. Upanishads are available in Sanskrit. Alwars gave away their wisdom in the form of 4000 beautiful poems/pasurams (Naalayiram) in Tamil. ‘Ubhaya Vedanta’ means the Vedanta available in the two languages, Sanskrit and Tamil.
Since 1969, Ubhaya Vedantha Acharya Peetam awards one scholar every year who has done extensive learning and practising in these two forms of Vedantha. This is done in honour of a great scholar Gopalacharya Swami who worked hand in hand with Sri Pedda Jeeyar Swamiji for promoting ancient Vedic literature throughout the country.